What is Neuro-Ophthalmology ?
Neuro-Ophthalmology is a super specialty that merges the fields of neurology and ophthalmology. Neuro-ophthalmologists are responsible for the diagnosis and management of complex systemic diseases of the nervous system that affect vision, eye movements and alignment, as well as pupillary reflexes.
Treatment For Neuro-Ophthalmology
Now that we know what neuro-ophthalmic disorders are, we can discuss the options available for neuro-ophthalmology treatment. The treatment will depend on the type and severity of the disorder. The treatment options include oral medications, injectables, and eye surgery. Usually, antibiotics and corticosteroids are administered to target the infection for conditions like optic neuritis. Vitamin injections are administered in cases of nutritional optic neuropathy. In advanced stages of diabetic neuropathy, the bloody viscera of the eye is removed with vitrectomy.
Symptoms for Neuro-Ophthalmology
- Reduced visual activity all of a sudden
- Double vision and headaches
- A less reactive pupil (pupil is the central part of eyeball that allows light to pass through)
- Impairment of colour vision (especially inability to identify red & green colours)
- Difficulty in seeing light (Photophobia)
- Visual Field Defects (visibility coverage)