The retina in our eye is a piece of nerve tissue that is located at the back of the eye and is in charge of detecting light. It generates an impulse or sequence of impulses that pass via the optic nerve and are sent to the brain. The retina is the most significant component of the eye, and it is where vision occurs. Due to the retina’s critical role in the eye, any injury to it could cause permanent vision loss and eye damage.
Types of Retinal Diseases
Common retinal diseases and conditions include:
- Retinal tear: A retinal tear happens when the thin layer of tissue that lines the back of your eye (the retina) tears because of traction from the transparent, gel-like fluid in the centre of your eye (the vitreous). It frequently comes on suddenly, along with symptoms like floaters and flashing lights.
- Retinal detachment: The presence of fluid behind the retina is what distinguishes a retinal detachment. This typically happens as a result of fluid entering a retinal tear and lifting the retina away from the underlying tissue layers.
- Diabetic retinopathy: Diabetes can cause the capillaries in the back of your eye to degenerate and leak fluid into and under the retina. The retina swells as a result, which could cause vision blurring or distortion. Alternatively, you can grow bleeding capillaries that are aberrant and new. Your vision is also harmed by this.
- Epiretinal membrane: The epiretinal membrane is a thin membrane or scar that covers the retina and resembles crumpled cellophane. Your eyesight is distorted as a result of this membrane pulling up on your retina. Things could appear distorted or blurry.
- Macular hole: A macular hole is a tiny flaw in your retina’s middle at the back of your eye. The hole may form as a result of abnormal retinal and vitreous traction, or it may appear after an eye injury.
- Macular degeneration: Your retina’s middle starts to degenerate when you have macular degeneration. There may be a blind spot in the center of the visual field or blurred central vision as a result of this. Both wet macular degeneration and dry macular degeneration exist. The wet form may develop in one or both eyes after many people first experience the dry form, which is more common.
- Retinitis Pigmentosa: An inherited degenerative condition called retinitis pigmentosa gradually damages the retina and impairs side and night vision.
Many retinal diseases share some common signs and symptoms. These may include:
- Seeing floating specks or cobwebs
- Blurred or distorted (straight lines look wavy) vision
- Defects in the side vision
- Lost vision
How are Retinal Diseases Diagnosed ?
Retinal illnesses can be caused by ageing, diabetes in the family, eye trauma, or any other illness that might impair the normal function of the eye. At Bajaj Eye Hospital, we’ll make sure your eye receives the right care. Your eye will be thoroughly examined by our ophthalmologist, who will next look for any abnormalities.
At Bajaj Eye Hospital, we have a team of well-trained Ophthalmologists and doctors. We have taken the proper steps to ensure that all the rules and regulations for an eye hospital are met so that our patients get the treatment they have come for abnormalities.